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怎样改善英语口语?

  英语外教指出,绝大多数中国人在口语交流会表现无话可说,或者想说说不出的感觉。英语口语无话可说最关键的原因是什么呢?最根本的原因是缺乏句型、单词。虽然学英语多年,外教老师家长鼓励学生多说,但其实他们肚子里没有足够的“墨水”,自然不可以信手拈来,开口就说了。

  English foreign teachers point out that the vast majority of Chinese people have nothing to say in oral communication, or feel like they can't say it. What is the key reason why oral English is speechless? The most fundamental reason is the lack of sentence patterns and words. Although foreign teachers and parents have encouraged students to speak English for many years, they don't have enough "ink" in their stomachs. Naturally, they can't speak at their fingertips.

  1、积累词汇,复述内容

  1. Accumulate vocabulary and retell content

  准备阶段,主要是进行单词量的积累模仿。大量的朗读背诵复述英文材料。选择难度稍微比自己能力高一点的英文材料,通过各种方式,如阅读。做练习题,听英语磁带,看英语录像和电影等,来扩大词汇量。掌握常用的词组、短语等,“熟练”是与人会话的前提,只有熟练,在会话时才能流利。熟练的标准就是要达到不加思索地脱口而出。

  The preparation stage is mainly to accumulate and imitate the amount of words. Read and recite a lot of English materials. Choose English materials that are slightly more difficult than your own ability through various ways, such as reading. Do exercises, listen to English tapes, watch English videos and movies to expand your vocabulary. Master common phrases, phrases, etc. "proficiency" is the premise of conversation with people. Only proficient can be fluent in conversation. The standard of proficiency is to blurt out without thinking.

  建议从日常生活、学习、工作、政治、经济、文化、历史等等与我们最接近的场景开始练习,注重场景对话的句型和对应的回答模式。这样背诵复述起来容易把零散的知识点串联起来,行程体系结构。

  It is suggested to practice from the scene closest to us in daily life, study, work, politics, economy, culture, history, etc., and pay attention to the sentence pattern of scene dialogue and the corresponding response mode. In this way, it is easy to connect the scattered knowledge points and the journey architecture.

  2、注重发音声调模仿

  2. Pay attention to pronunciation and tone imitation

  英语口语模仿练习,需要大声朗读,模仿时要大大方方,清清楚楚,一板一眼,口形要到位,不能扭扭捏捏,小声小气地在嗓眼里嘟嚷。刚开始模仿时,速度要慢些,以便把音发到位,把音发准了以后,再加快速度。直到能用正常语速把句子轻松他说出来,脱口而出。大声模仿的目的是使口腔的肌肉充分活动起来,改变多年来形成的肌肉的习惯运动模式,使嘴与建立起新的口腔肌肉的运动模式,英语发音的运动模式。

  Oral English imitation practice needs to read aloud. When imitating, you should be open, clear, and precise. Your mouth shape should be in place. You can't mince and whisper in your voice. At the beginning of imitation, the speed should be slow so that the sound can be delivered in place. After the sound is delivered accurately, the speed can be accelerated. Until he could speak the sentence easily at normal speed and blurted it out. The purpose of loud imitation is to make the oral muscles fully active, change the habitual movement mode of muscles formed over the years, and establish a new movement mode of oral muscles and English pronunciation.

  模仿一定要“像”,指模仿者的语音,接近所模仿的语言,所模仿的声音非常逼真。纯正优美的语音是短期模仿所能达到的,对于有英国英语基础的人学说美国英语是如此,对于习惯于说汉语的人学说英语更是如此。过度需要一段时间,时间的长短取于自学者的专心程度。

  Imitation must be "like". It means that the imitator's voice is close to the imitated language, and the imitated voice is very lifelike. Pure and beautiful pronunciation can be achieved by short-term imitation, especially for those who have the foundation of British English to learn American English, and for those who are used to speaking Chinese to learn English. Excess takes time, and the length of time depends on the degree of concentration of the self-study scholar.

  3、语法结构固定句式累积

  3. Grammatical structure fixed sentence pattern accumulation

  寻找一篇文章,在不断听读的操作中,模仿整句话远远比模仿单个单词重要的多。需要注意的是自己说出的句式和短语是需要语法正确的,否则对方是无法理解自己表达的意思,而语法也是组成句式的最重要的框架要求。外在灌输、讲解句型和单词的时候,频频效率很低。一是因为语言障碍,在面对基础本来就不太好的学生时,讲解一个单词损失了大量的时间。

  Looking for an article, in the operation of continuous listening and reading, imitating the whole sentence is far more important than imitating a single word. It should be noted that the sentence patterns and phrases you utter need to be grammatically correct, otherwise the other party will not be able to understand the meaning you express, and grammar is also the most important framework requirement for the formation of sentence patterns. The efficiency of external indoctrination and explanation of sentence patterns and words is very low. First, because of the language barrier, it loses a lot of time to explain a word in the face of students who are not very good at basic knowledge.

  并且英语语法不够好在后期语言基础上会是非常严重的障碍,导致自己的语句混乱,杂乱无章。在一定的单词储备和语法基础上,已经到达肯定程度,就能够比较容易地探讨许多话题的内容。

  And the poor English grammar will be a very serious obstacle on the basis of the later language, resulting in their own sentence confusion and disorder. On the basis of certain word reserve and grammar, we can easily discuss the contents of many topics after we have reached a certain degree of certainty.

  4、文化逻辑意识的养成

  4. The cultivation of cultural logic consciousness

  语境意识的养成对语言本领的培养是具备主导性作用的。学习英语最好的办法就是把一私人直接扔到英国或者美国去。一个雅思英语口语准备已经完成前面两个阶段的学生,频频会发现,自己发音和语调已经过关,逐渐开始靠近英语母语人士的发音,而各个但这完全都还处在纸上谈兵的阶段。将之前所学完全转化为实战经验,学生也需要逐渐注意提升文化交际意识。当我们懂得西方人的交际习惯时,其实就能够掌握与之交谈的办法。

  The cultivation of context consciousness plays a leading role in the cultivation of language skills. The best way to learn English is to throw someone directly to England or America. A student who has completed the first two stages of IELTS oral English preparation will often find that his pronunciation and intonation have passed the test, and gradually begin to approach the pronunciation of native speakers of English. However, all these are still in the stage of talking on paper. To fully translate what they have learned into practical experience, students also need to gradually pay attention to improving their awareness of cultural communication. When we understand the communication habits of Westerners, we can actually master the way to talk with them.

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