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学龄前孩子学英语有怎样的方法?

  孩子在幼童时期是学习英语的最佳时间,家长们可以根据孩子的自身条件,来帮助孩子学习英语,下面欧美外教老师为大家分享学龄前孩子学英语有怎样的方法?

  Children's childhood is the best time to learn English. Parents can help children learn English according to their own conditions. Next, European and American foreign teachers will share with you how preschool children learn English?

  一、全面活动反应法

  1、 Total activity response 

  这种方法主要是由成人用英语发出活动的指令,如“Close youreyes,andnodyourhead(闭上眼,点点头)”然后逐步由孩子自己来做出相应的身体动作。在活动过程中,指令要求的动作越特别、有趣,儿童活动的兴趣就越高,其学习语言的效果也就越好。

  This method is mainly used by adults to give activity instructions in English, such as "close your eyes, and nod your head", and then the children gradually make corresponding body movements by themselves. In the process of activities, the more special and interesting the actions required by instructions, the higher the children's interest in activities and the better the effect of learning language.

  二、游戏活动熏染法

  2、 Game activity influence method

  将语言学习与儿童日常的游戏活动结合起来,由成人用英语来组织儿童画画、数数、手工制作、玩娃娃家等。在整个游戏活动中,成人完全用简单的英语加上手势来引导儿童游戏,只对儿童用英语提出的请求和意见进行反应,因此在特定的时候为儿童创设了一个微型的英语环境。

  Combine language learning with children's daily game activities, and adults use English to organize children to draw, count, handmake, play doll home, etc. In the whole game activity, adults use simple English and gestures to guide children's games, and only respond to children's requests and opinions in English. Therefore, a micro English environment is created for children at a specific time.

  在儿童学习的初期,成人应使用大量的手势、动作和图画来帮助儿童理解活动的目的、要求和方法;随着学习的进行,成人可逐渐减少辅助方法,促使儿童学会以英语与他人进行沟通。

  In the early stage of children's learning, adults should use a large number of gestures, movements and pictures to help children understand the purpose, requirements and methods of activities; With the progress of learning, adults can gradually reduce auxiliary methods and promote children to learn to communicate with others in English.

  三、动画片学习法

  3、 Cartoon learning method

  如果家长或教师自身的英语水平有限,不能有效地应用英语组织活动,则可以借助于录像带、VCD或游戏软件来为孩子提供学习英语的良好工具。

  If parents or teachers have limited English level and can not effectively use English to organize activities, they can provide children with good tools to learn English with the help of videotapes, VCDs or game software.

  在观看动画片的过程中,尽管儿童的注意力集中在有趣的人物、绚丽的色彩和滑稽的情节上,但他们在反复观看的过程中,就能熟悉英语的语音,并能自动地将语音与情节逐步地对应起来,这就为其进一步地学习奠定了基础。

  In the process of watching cartoons, although children's attention focuses on interesting characters, gorgeous colors and funny plots, they can be familiar with English pronunciation and automatically correspond the pronunciation to the plot step by step, which lays a foundation for their further learning.

  在观看时,成人不要反复询问“说什么了”、“什么意思”,也不要性急地为孩子讲解,而要鼓励他们根据画面来猜测人物对话的含义,模仿人物的评议。

  When watching, adults should not repeatedly ask "what did you say" and "what did you mean", nor explain it to children in a hurry. Instead, they should be encouraged to guess the meaning of the character dialogue according to the picture and imitate the character's comments.

  在此基础上,成人也可以和孩子一起猜,或者对照故事的说明和他们一起讨论,帮助他们逐步将对话和情节结合起来。在有条件时,也可以请英语较好的成人带着孩子一起看,重点聆听、了解、喜欢英语的目的。

  On this basis, adults can also guess with children or discuss with them according to the description of the story to help them gradually combine the dialogue with the plot. If possible, you can also invite adults with good English to watch with their children, focusing on the purpose of listening, understanding and liking English.

  此外,成人还可以利用英语歌曲、歌谣、儿歌的形式,使孩子有机会接触广泛的英语语言材料,获得丰富的视听经验。

  In addition, adults can also use English songs, ballads and nursery rhymes to give children the opportunity to contact a wide range of English language materials and gain rich audio-visual experience.


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