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孩子学习英语的重要性是什么?

  婴幼儿是语言发展的关键时期,有些家长在这个时期会大量的锻炼孩子的语言能力——教孩子英语,那么孩子学习英语的重要性是什么?下面欧美外教给大家分享一下。

  Infants and young children are the key period of language development. Some parents will exercise their children's language ability a lot during this period - teaching children English. What is the importance of learning English for children? Let's share it with foreign teachers in Europe and America.

  一、幼儿语音的发展

  Ⅰ. Development of Children's Phonetics

  幼儿期是语音可塑性最大的时期。心理学研究发现,4岁以上的幼儿一般基本能掌握全部的语音。从3-6岁,出现语音不准的的幼儿越来越少,其中,3-4岁是语音发展最迅速的时期,也是纠正幼儿发音的关键期,幼儿在3-4岁之前,儿童的语音发展呈现扩展趋势,即从儿童从不会发音节清晰的语音,逐渐能学会越来越多的语音;3-4岁之后,儿童学习语音的趋势开始收缩,即儿童在掌握母语的语音后,语音开始定型化,再学其他语言的语音时会出现困难。3-4岁之前的儿童相当容易学会世界各民族的语言的语音;但之后学习第二语言就比较困难了,而且年龄越大,儿童学习第二语言就越容易受到第一语言的干扰。因此学英语还是其他第二语言学的越早越好。

  Early childhood is the most plasticity period of speech. Psychological studies have found that children over 4 years of age can generally master all phonetics. From the age of 3-6, there are fewer and fewer children with inaccurate pronunciation. Among them, the age of 3-4 is the fastest developing period of pronunciation and the key period of correcting pronunciation. Before the age of 3-4, children's pronunciation development shows an expanding trend, that is, from the time when children never have clear syllable pronunciation, they can gradually learn more and more pronunciation; after the age of 3-4, children begin to receive the trend of learning pronunciation. Shrinkage, that is, when children master the pronunciation of their mother tongue, the pronunciation begins to be stereotyped, and then they will have difficulty learning the pronunciation of other languages. Before the age of 3-4, children are quite easy to learn the pronunciation of the languages of different nationalities in the world; but after that, learning a second language is more difficult, and the older they are, the more vulnerable they are to the interference of the first language in learning a second language. So the sooner you learn English or other second language studies, the better.

  二、幼儿词汇的发展

  Ⅱ. Development of Children's Vocabulary

  幼儿语言发展的一项重要任务是学习和掌握英语或其他语言的基本词汇,即社会上的通用词汇。幼儿词汇的发展主要表现在三个方面:词汇量的增加,词汇类别扩大和词义理解的深化。

  An important task of children's language development is to learn and master the basic vocabulary of English or other languages, that is, common vocabulary in society. The development of children's vocabulary is mainly manifested in three aspects: the increase of vocabulary, the enlargement of vocabulary categories and the deepening of understanding of word meanings.

  三、幼儿句子和语段的发展

  Ⅲ. Development of Sentences and Paragraphs in Young Children

  1.句子的发展

  1. Development of Sentences

  幼儿说出的句子所含有的单词量一般在4-6个,最多不超过10个,4-5岁是句子长度发展比较明显的时期,3岁以前的孩子是没有修饰的简单句,3岁以后有修饰的句子迅速增加。6岁的话语中有91.3%的句子有修饰成分。

  Children's sentences usually contain 4-6 words, up to 10 words. 4-5 years old is a period of obvious development of sentence length. Children before 3 years old are simple sentences without modification. After 3 years old, the number of sentences with modification increases rapidly. 91.3% of the 6-year-old sentences have modifiers.

  2.语段的发展

  2. Development of Paragraphs

  3岁之前,儿童的语言主要是情景语言,即只有结合具体情境,借助于表情或手势等非言语手段才能明白对方的意思。3-4岁儿童语言仍带有明显的情境性,他们说的话往往不完整不连贯。随着年龄增长,幼儿的语言的情境性语言越来越少,连贯性语言逐渐增多,能够表达完整的意思能说完整的故事。

  Before the age of 3, children's language is mainly situational language, that is, only by combining specific situations and using non-verbal means such as expressions or gestures, can they understand each other's meaning. The language of children aged 3-4 is still situational, and their words are often incomplete and incoherent. With the increase of age, the contextual language of children's language is becoming less and less, and the coherence language is gradually increasing, which can express the complete meaning and tell the complete story.

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