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日常英语交流提升的误区,外教建议这样练习口语


关于日常生活中的英语口语交流,有不少人都以为口语说得不好,是因为练的太少。但外教老师告诉大家,事实并非如此。很多人英语口语不好的原因,并不是练得太少,而是读得听得太少了。

As for oral English communication in daily life, many people think that oral English is not good because of too little practice. But foreign teachers tell us that this is not the case. The reason why many people don't speak English well is not that they practice too little, but that they read and listen too little.

语言是一个输入到输出的过程,听力和阅读属于输入,而口语和写作则属于输出。如果没有大量的听力和阅读输入,又如何谈输出呢。婴儿学会说话,也是在听了一年多家人的交流对话才会开口的。不先做好语言的输入,口语很难做到有效提升。

Language is an input-output process. Listening and reading belong to input, while speaking and writing belong to output. How to talk about output without a lot of listening and reading input? Babies learn to speak, but also in more than a year to listen to family conversations will open. Without good input of language, oral English can hardly be effectively improved.

仔细观察一下身边口语好的同学,你会发现他们可能不是练得最多的,但他们一定有可观的听力和阅读输入。因此,提升口语最重要的一条基本原则是:输入决定输出,大量的阅读和听力输入是有效提升口语的前提。

Look closely at the students around you who are good at spoken English, and you will find that they may not be the most trained, but they must have considerable listening and reading input. Therefore, the most important basic principle of improving spoken English is that input determines output, and a large amount of reading and listening input is the premise of effectively improving spoken English.

怎样提升生活英语水平?如果想要达到能够日常生活沟通无障碍的程度,你需要做些什么?

How to improve life English? What do you need to do if you want to be able to communicate in everyday life?

积累词汇量

Dolch word list

初阶口语提升的关键,是口语素材的积累,而口语素材积累很大的一部分其实是词汇量的积累。也就是说,你说不出什么像样的内容来最根本的原因是你词汇量太小了,积累的口语素材太少了。 短期内随着词汇量的快速上涨,口语水平也会有明显的提升,最直观的一个表现是自己能够表达的东西变得越来越多了。

The key to elementary oral improvement is the accumulation of oral materials, and a large part of the accumulation of oral materials is actually the accumulation of vocabulary. That is to say, the fundamental reason why you can't say anything decent is that you have too little vocabulary and too little oral material. In the short term, with the rapid increase of vocabulary, the spoken English level will also be significantly improved. One of the most intuitive manifestations is that they can express more and more things.

所以我们的首要任务是提升词汇量。那多大的词汇量才能达到日常沟通的基本要求呢?国外有人专门对语料库进行研究,研究统计出日常生活中的常用词量大约是7500。所以如果你想达到日常沟通的基本要求,词汇量应该在7500左右。

So our first task is to improve our vocabulary. How large is the vocabulary to meet the basic requirements of daily communication? There are some foreign researchers who specialize in corpus research and statistics show that the number of commonly used words in daily life is about 7500. So if you want to meet the basic requirements of daily communication, the vocabulary should be around 7500.

做好阅读和听力训练

Do well in reading and listening training

在积累基础词汇的同时,我们还要通过大量的阅读和听力训练来积累口语素材。阅读和听力材料的选取应符合简单易懂,贴近日常生活的原则。听力材料推荐使用ESLPOD,ESLPOD语速适中,材料多为口语体,基本上可以现学现用,实用性很高。阅读材料推荐简单易懂,词汇量要求低的原版书。

While accumulating basic vocabulary, we also need to accumulate oral materials through a large number of reading and listening training. The selection of reading and listening materials should conform to the principle of being simple and easy to understand and close to daily life. ESLPOD is recommended for listening materials. ESLPOD speaks at a moderate speed. Most of the materials are spoken English. It can be used now and practically. Reading materials recommend original books which are easy to understand and require a low vocabulary.

此外,通过观看美剧来提升生活口语水平也是一个不错的方法。美剧是一个很好的生活口语素材来源。但并不是所有的美剧都适合用来提高生活口语,要选择那些与日常生活比较贴近、故事情节较强的影视材料,如肥皂剧。最后,外教老师祝大家都能找到适合自己的学习方法,并持之以恒真正做到英语口语水平有效提升。

In addition, it is also a good way to improve oral English through watching American dramas. American drama is a good source of oral material for life. But not all American dramas are suitable for improving spoken life. Choose films and TV materials that are close to daily life and have strong stories, such as soap operas. Finally, foreign teachers wish everyone to find their own learning methods, and persevere to truly improve their oral English level.


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