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在家中如何培养孩子的逻辑思维能力

美国的教育特别注重逻辑思维能力的培养。美国的研究生入学资格考试GRE,只有词汇、数学、逻辑三门课,逻辑占了三分之一的比重。由此可看出逻辑思维的重要性。在美国,从幼儿园开始,老师就开始强调逻辑思维的培养和训练。而且在不同的年级段,逻辑思维培养的重点也有所不同。比如:

American education pays special attention to the cultivation of logical thinking ability. In the Graduate Entrance Qualification Examination (GRE) in the United States, there are only three subjects: vocabulary, mathematics and logic. Logic accounts for one-third of the total. From this we can see the importance of logical thinking. In the United States, teachers begin to emphasize the training and training of logical thinking from kindergarten. And in different grades, the emphasis of logical thinking training is also different. For example:

0 - 3岁,以直观动作思维为主导,孩子的思维活动基本是在实际操作中,借助触摸、摆弄物体而产生和进行的。

0 - 3 years old, with intuitive action thinking as the leading factor, children's thinking activities are basically produced and carried out in actual operation, with the help of touching and manipulating objects.

3 - 7岁,以具体形象思维为主导,即使当事物不在孩子眼前,他还能在头脑里呈现它的样子,然后运用这种形象来进行思考。

3 - 7 years old, with specific image thinking as the dominant, even when things are not in front of the child, he can still present it in his mind, and then use this image to think.

6、7岁以上,是抽象逻辑思维开始发展的阶段,孩子将以概念、判断、推理等形式来认识事物的本质特性和内在联系。

Over the age of 6 or 7 is the beginning of the development of abstract logical thinking. Children will understand the essential characteristics and internal relations of things in the form of concepts, judgments and reasoning.

6、7岁这个阶段孩子的思维发展非常迅速。斯坦福大学的Carol Dweck教授在关于儿童大脑发育研究的报告中曾指出,人的大脑在婴幼儿阶段发育非常快,但到了七八岁之后开始逐渐减慢。所以,培养孩子的思维能力,一定要抓住关键期。在平时的生活中,我们跟孩子说话,做事,玩游戏,有意识的注意逻辑性,对孩子逻辑思维的发展有很大的影响。

At the age of 6 or 7, children's thinking develops very rapidly. Professor Carol Dweck of Stanford University pointed out in his report on the development of children's brains that the human brain develops very fast in infancy, but slows down gradually after the age of seven or eight. Therefore, to cultivate children's thinking ability, we must seize the critical period. In normal life, we talk to children, do things, play games and pay attention to logic consciously, which has a great impact on the development of children's logical thinking.

外教分享在日常的小事中做到:

Foreign teachers share in the daily small things to achieve:

和孩子说话有逻辑

It's logical to talk to children.

日常生活中做的事,向孩子讲明因果关系。比如,假如你要求孩子第二天早上要早起。因为一早要赶飞机,家长可以告诉孩子,因为航班很早,所以我们要早点儿起床;因为要早起,所以今晚要早睡。这比硬邦邦地要求孩子早睡更容易让他接受,而且,即使孩子不一定能完全理解其中的因果关系,但在长期的潜移默化中,他也会开始模仿类似的思考,思维将会更加清晰。

What we do in our daily life, explain the cause and effect to our children. For example, if you ask your child to get up early the next morning. Because we have to catch a plane early in the morning, parents can tell their children that because the flight is very early, we have to get up early; because we have to get up early, we have to go to bed early tonight. It's easier for him to accept this than to insist that the child go to bed early, and even if the child does not necessarily fully understand the causal relationship, in the long run, he will begin to imitate similar thinking, thinking will be clearer.

告诉孩子做事顺序要有逻辑

Tell children to do things in a logical order

生活里有意引导孩子,让他知道做事的顺序,也是培养孩子逻辑思维的好方法。比如,放学回到家里要先完成作业再玩耍;出门穿戴要先穿衣服鞋子后带手套……要让孩子知道我们做事情的顺序都是有道理,有逻辑的。

It is also a good way to cultivate children's logical thinking to guide them intentionally in life and let them know the order of doing things. For example, when you come home from school, you have to finish your homework before you play; when you go out, you have to wear clothes, shoes and gloves. Let children know that the order in which we do things is reasonable and logical.


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