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英语教育的正确原则和途径

家长们越来越重视对子女的少儿英语教育。在巨大的市场需求下,众多五花八门的英语培训班应运而生;各类级别考试层出不穷。面对这一切,家长们迷茫困惑,难做取舍;一不小心就会做出错误的选择,贻误了孩子学习英语的最佳时机,没能取得最佳的学习效果。外教介绍明确英语教育的正确原则和途径,避开由于传统观念的影响和家长自身对于英语教育错误认识所形成的误区,才能做出明智的选择。

Parents pay more and more attention to children's English education. Under the huge market demand, many kinds of English training courses emerge at the historic moment, and various levels of examinations emerge in endlessly. Facing all this, parents are confused and difficult to make choices; they will make wrong choices carelessly, which delays the best time for children to learn English and fails to achieve the best learning effect. Foreign teachers should clarify the correct principles and approaches of English education and avoid the misunderstandings caused by the influence of traditional concepts and parents'own wrong understanding of English education so as to make a wise choice.

一:学英语,先从背单词开始

First: Learning English begins with reciting words.

认为英语培训机构给孩子默写单词是理所当然的事,而了解孩子的所学所懂也常常以孩子能够背诵和默写出多少单词为衡量准则,这一现象从孩子从幼儿园就读就已经开始了。

It is taken for granted that English training institutes write words by heart to children, and it is often measured by the number of words that children can recite and write by heart. This phenomenon has already begun since children began to study in kindergartens.

但对于孩子学习英语来说其实最重要的帮助孩子建立起对于英语的兴趣,在“听”和“说”的前提下培养语感,练习发音,最重要的就是培养孩子开口“说”英语的勇气和信心。英语是一种语言,而不是一门学问,对于孩子来说,学习英语的最佳方法是源自兴趣和习惯,而非通过强迫或是刻意的方式去练习,因为这会大幅降低孩子学习的热情和兴致。掌握一门语言必须先习得语言的声音信号,当语言声音信号就形成一种潜意识,语言就变成了技能。语言成为技能,是在大量听说中形成的,而不是在大量读写中形成的。“读”和“写”必须在听说成为技能的基础上去学习和应用,这是语言学习的自然规律。所以,学习任何一门语言,必须要先语后文,而要让语言运用能力得到提升,也必须让声音信号在大脑中形成反射条件,“听到就能做到”。

But in fact, the most important thing for children to learn English is to help them build up their interest in English, cultivate language sense and practice pronunciation on the premise of "listening" and "speaking". The most important thing is to cultivate their courage and confidence in speaking English. English is a language, not a knowledge. For children, the best way to learn English is from their interests and habits, not through forced or deliberate practice, because it will greatly reduce their enthusiasm and interest in learning. To master a language, one must first acquire the sound signals of the language. When the sound signals of the language form a subconscious, the language becomes a skill. Language becomes a skill, which is formed in a large number of listening and speaking, not in a large number of reading and writing. "Reading" and "writing" must be learned and applied on the basis of listening and speaking becoming skills, which is the natural law of language learning. Therefore, to learn any language, we must first speak the language and then the text. To improve the ability of language use, we must also let the sound signal form a reflex condition in the brain, "you can do it when you hear it".

二:孩子才学不久,家长急于求成

2. The child is only a young student and the parents are eager to succeed.

经常会有家长在培训机构的教室询问自己孩子的授课老师,“为什么我的孩子已经在这儿学了好几周了都不能像其他孩子一样讲一口流利的英语”,又或者是“我的孩子在这里都学了那么久了为什么英语成绩还是没有太大的提高”等等的问题。通常情况下,孩子实际的兴趣、意志以及学习能力都决定了孩子学习知识的速度,并不单纯只是教师的教学方式以及教学质量有问题,当然,如果培训教师的资质有问题,随着时间的推移和口碑的下滑,自然会被大众所抨击和淘汰。

Parents often ask their children's teachers in the classroom of the training institute, "Why can't my children speak English as fluently as other children have been here for weeks?" or "Why hasn't my children learned English so long here? Why hasn't their English scores improved so much?" and so on. Usually, children's actual interest, will and learning ability determine the speed of learning knowledge. It is not only the teachers'teaching methods and teaching quality that have problems. Of course, if the qualifications of training teachers are questionable, with the passage of time and the decline of reputation, they will naturally be criticized and eliminated by the public.

在孩子学习英语的过程当中,适度地了解孩子对于英语的兴趣、专注度、学习能力等等因素都是十分重要的,因为学习语言本身就因人而异,且有自身的客观规律。尤其是在孩子学习伊始,确实需要在语境中寻找开口和发声的契机,当打开思路后便会出现螺旋式的发展轨迹,作为家长不能只求结果,全然不考虑孩子的感受,在选择英语培训机构时家长真正应该思考的是:这个机构可不可以在保护甚至加强孩子学习英语的兴趣和热情的情况下,帮助孩子找到合适的方法汲取所看所听所学的内容。依照正常的学习周期去培养孩子学习英语,慢工出细活,渐进方有成,真正掌握科学的方法学习英语对于孩子而言将是一件终身受益的事。

In the process of children's learning English, it is very important to understand children's interest, concentration, learning ability and other factors appropriately, because learning language itself varies from person to person and has its own objective laws. Especially at the beginning of children's learning, we really need to find opportunities for opening and speaking in the context. When we open our minds, there will be a spiral track of development. As a parent, we can not only ask for results, but also ignore children's feelings. When choosing an English training institution, parents should really think about whether this institution can protect or even enhance children's interest in learning English. With enthusiasm, help your child find the right way to learn what he sees and hears. In accordance with the normal learning cycle to train children to learn English, slow work, hard work, gradual success, truly grasp the scientific method of learning English for children will be a lifelong benefit.

三:证书越多越好

Three: The more certificates, the better.

有不少家长认为只要孩子的学习可以帮助孩子考级领证,便觉得自己给孩子读的培训班和花出去的时间和金钱都得到了回报,心里会觉得十分欣慰和满足。

Many parents think that as long as their children's study can help their children get their certificates, they feel that the training classes they read to their children and the time and money spent have been rewarded, and they will feel very gratified and satisfied.

而事实上是,当孩子通过死记硬背和临阵磨枪的方式为了应试而采取填鸭式的学习方法只能让孩子有短期记忆,最后获取合格分通过了考试拿到了证书,但并没有实质意义,因为当孩子真正面临升学面试和工作机会时,一纸文书或许是一块绝佳的敲门砖,但这绝不是最终入选的通行证,证书再多,当面对实际的问题和英语术语时,证书的作用就很小了,当然不是说证书就毫无作用,级别证书和资格证书是对于学习能力的体现和证明,这是经过阶段性的培训和联系后,由于孩子自身的能力达到了某个程度而获得的认可,将证书视作这一阶段的成果印证,这才是对自己的付出和孩子的能力的肯定。

In fact, when a child learns by rote and grinding a gun in front of the battle, it can only make him have short-term memory. Finally, he gets a pass mark and gets a certificate, but it has no real meaning. When a child is really faced with an entrance interview and a job opportunity, a paper may be an excellent knocking brick, but it is by no means an excellent knocking brick. Certificates are the ultimate passes to be selected. When faced with practical problems and English terminology, the role of certificates is very small. Certificates of course do not mean that certificates are useless. Level certificates and qualification certificates are the manifestation and proof of learning ability. This is a certificate obtained through periodic training and contacts because the children's own ability has reached a certain level. Books are regarded as the proof of this stage, which is the affirmation of their own efforts and children's abilities.

四:学习环境好则教学质量好

Fourth, good learning environment leads to good teaching quality.

教学质量不是装出来的,因为教育是大事,而基础教育占据了孩子知识构成的绝大部分,这些年一旦度过,就不可能再重复了,这段时间给孩子培养良好的学习习惯,旺盛的学习热情,完善的知识体系,孩子终生受益。如果选错了培训机构,不但会让孩子对学习失去兴趣,更耽误了孩子宝贵的学习时间,荒废了孩子的锦绣前程。

The quality of teaching is not pretended, because education is a major event, and basic education occupies the vast majority of children's knowledge. Once these years passed, it is impossible to repeat. This period of time to cultivate good learning habits, strong enthusiasm for learning, perfect knowledge system, children benefit for life. If we choose the wrong training institution, it will not only make children lose interest in learning, but also delay their precious learning time and waste their bright future.


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