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英语学习可以分为几个阶段?

英语学习由易到难,而学习不分易难,不想学容易也变的困难 而想学再难也会变的容易,只要看您用心如何,下面外教给大家介绍几个英语学习的阶段。

English learning is from easy to difficult, and learning is not easy, do not want to learn easy will also become difficult and want to learn difficult will become easy, as long as you look at how intentions, the following foreign teachers to introduce a few stages of English learning.

英语学习大致分成四个阶段,基本揽括了所有的英文学习者,大家可以对号入座。当然我讲的都是理想情况,现实中,你不一定能实现各个阶段的学习条件,如果您要是请外教一对一的话要掌握一些英语学习的规律和每个学习阶段特点

English learning can be roughly divided into four stages, basically including all English learners, you can take a seat on the number. Of course, what I'm talking about is the ideal situation. In reality, you may not be able to achieve the learning conditions at all stages. If you ask a foreign teacher one-to-one, you should master some rules of English learning and the characteristics of each learning stage.

阶段1:听猜阶段

Stage 1: Listening and guessing

理解这个阶段的前提是:掌握一门语言最好是从听说入手,然后再去接触文字,学习读写,而非反过来。这么做的原因如下:

The premise of understanding this stage is that the best way to master a language is to start with listening and speaking, then to contact the text and learn to read and write, not vice versa. The reasons for this are as follows:

1. 我们母语学习就是这样的,没有一上来就学习文字的。在我们听说能力达到一定水平之后,才开始接触文字。当然先天性聋哑人不在此列。

1. This is how we learn our mother tongue. We don't learn words first. After we have reached a certain level of listening and speaking ability, we begin to contact words. Of course, congenital deaf-mutes are not included.

2. 过早地接触文字会让人产生文字依赖,干扰后续对于语音的识别和掌握,导致哑巴英语,我们多年的中学和大学英语教育就是如此。文字基于空间存在,也即在那里不会消失,所以人处理文字有先天的安全感,情感上更喜欢文字,而声音基于时间存在,转瞬即逝,所以人听声音的时候,是相对紧张的,因为他极有可能抓不住这个转瞬即逝的东西。

2. Early contact with words can lead to text dependence, interfere with subsequent recognition and mastery of phonetics, and lead to dumb English. This is the case in our years of secondary and college English education. Text is based on space, that is, it will not disappear there, so people have a congenital sense of security in dealing with text, emotionally preferring text, while voice is based on the existence of time, fleeting, so when people listen to voice, it is relatively tense, because it is very likely that he can not grasp this fleeting thing.

3. 文字和声音同时发生的话,人们更容易专注于看文字,而无法专注听声音,这也是为什么我们专心看书能听音乐而不走神,但要欣赏音乐就无法看书了。也是为什么很多同学看电影学英文,听力没提高多少,到最后把读中文字幕的速度给练出来了。

3. When words and sounds occur at the same time, people are more likely to concentrate on reading words, but not on listening to sounds. This is why we can concentrate on reading and listen to music without losing our mind, but we can not read if we want to enjoy music. It is also why many students learn English from movies, and their listening has not improved much. At last, they practice the speed of reading Chinese subtitles.

所以理想的学习一门外语的路径也应该是听说带动读写。基于这个前提,第一个阶段一定是听的阶段。开始听的时候,会听不懂,要有很多的猜测,所以这个阶段叫听猜阶段。在该阶段适合的练习,就是看图识音,或者看物识音,比如你看到水或水的图片,就听到water,你就明白water表示水这个事物。或者通过动作来识音,英文教学法当中叫做Total Physical Response(TPR),比如你看一个人站起来,就听到stand up, 看一个人坐下去,听到sit down,就是这个道理。这也是为什么,越好的英文教材,在初级阶段文字很少,图片很多。

Therefore, the ideal way to learn a foreign language should also be listening, speaking, reading and writing. Based on this premise, the first stage must be listening stage. When you begin to listen, you will not understand. There must be a lot of guesses, so this stage is called the listening and guessing stage. At this stage, the appropriate practice is to look at pictures, or things, such as water or water pictures, you hear water, you understand that water means water. Or through action to recognize the voice, English teaching method is called Total Physical Response (TPR), for example, when you see a person standing up, you hear stand up, you see a person sitting down, you hear sit down, that's the truth. This is why, the better the English textbook, in the initial stage, there are few words, many pictures.

第一个阶段是不要求说的,因为那个阶段主要是磨练耳朵,熟悉声音,其实还说不出来,或者至少说不好,这个是我们的沉默期,叫silence period。我们小时候学母语就是如此,先听很多,都大概明白了,才开始咿呀学语。所以在这个阶段但凡逼你说很多,并且批评你发音不好听的,大概都是外行。他们很可能会打击到你,拖你后腿,要拉出去吊打才好,当然你自己更不能打击自己了。在这个阶段你需要的是情感上的鼓励,而非过高的要求。

The first stage is not required to say, because that stage is mainly to hone the ears, familiar with the voice, in fact, can not say, or at least not say well, this is our silence period, called silence period. That's how we learned our mother tongue when we were young. We listened a lot first, and we probably understood it before we began to babble and babble. So at this stage, those who force you to say a lot and criticize your poor pronunciation are probably laymen. They'll probably hit you, drag your back legs, pull out and hang, but you can't hit yourself. What you need at this stage is emotional encouragement, not excessive demands.

阶段2:听猜说读阶段

Stage 2: Listening, guessing, speaking and reading

第二个阶段要继续听猜,第一个阶段已经掌握了一点基础语言,这个阶段要挑战一些稍难的东西。这个阶段的听力就会长一些,句子也会复杂一些。在这个阶段,你也要开始进行说的练习了。

In the second stage, we should continue to listen and guess. In the first stage, we have mastered a little basic language. In this stage, we need to challenge something slightly difficult. At this stage, the listening will be longer and the sentences will be more complex. At this stage, you also have to start speaking practice.

第一个阶段锻炼了对于声音的敏感度,你能听出来很多发音上的差别,可以开始进行模仿了,如我们小时候学母语一样。要模仿的东西很多,比如单词的发音、语音语调、情感、停顿、重读等等。当然也会有一些你模仿不出来,或者模仿不好的地方。这丝毫没有关系,这是你必须要跨越的极其正常的阶段。没有此时的磕磕巴巴,怎么会有将来的口若悬河?但是,请注意,这个时候,你一定要模仿标准的英文,因为此时你学什么将来就像什么,我们老家在哪里,就说哪里的腔调,比如东北话你一听就出来了,所以这个时候最好是模仿英文为母语的纯正外国人,或者英文说起来特别地道的中国人,但这样的中国人较少。

The first stage exercises the sensitivity to sound. You can recognize many differences in pronunciation and begin to imitate them, as we learned our mother tongue when we were young. There are many things to imitate, such as pronunciation, pronunciation, intonation, emotion, pause, stress and so on. Of course, there are also some things that you can't imitate, or that you can't imitate well. It doesn't matter at all. It's a very normal stage that you have to go through. How can you be eloquent in the future without this time? But, please note, at this time, you must imitate standard English, because at this time, what you learn will be like in the future, where our hometown is, you can speak any tone, such as the Northeast dialect, as soon as you hear it, so it's better to imitate the pure foreigners whose mother tongue is English, or English at this time. Speaking of a very authentic Chinese, but there are fewer such Chinese.

很多同学在初级阶段听别人讲得不错,就去模仿了,等进入到中高级阶段的时候才发现他不怎么样,想改已经为时已晚了。这也是我教了这么长时间的英语,一直不敢挑战去教发音的原因,我自认为英语还不错,但是我觉得让同学来模仿的话,最好还是老外的声音比较靠谱。其实这个阶段,发音成什么样不那么重要,只要听到的很纯正,基本就能发音很纯正。因为你想发地不纯,都发不出来。不过,很多同学过去没有这样的条件,已经形成了很多错误的发音习惯。

Many students listen well to others in the initial stage, and then imitate. When they enter the middle and advanced stage, they find that he is not good enough. It is too late to change. This is why I have taught English for so long, and I dare not challenge to teach pronunciation. I think English is good, but I think it's better for my classmates to imitate the sound of foreigners. In fact, at this stage, what kind of pronunciation is not so important, as long as you hear very pure, you can basically pronounce very pure. Because you want to start from impure, can not send out. However, many students did not have such conditions in the past, and they have formed many wrong pronunciation habits.


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