English learning is from easy to difficult, and learning is not easy, do not want to learn easy will also become difficult and want to learn difficult will become easy, as long as you look at how intentions, the following foreign teachers to introduce a few stages of English learning.
English learning can be roughly divided into four stages, basically including all English learners, you can take a seat on the number. Of course, what I'm talking about is the ideal situation. In reality, you may not be able to achieve the learning conditions at all stages. If you ask a foreign teacher one-to-one, you should master some rules of English learning and the characteristics of each learning stage.
Stage 1: Listening and guessing
The premise of understanding this stage is that the best way to master a language is to start with listening and speaking, then to contact the text and learn to read and write, not vice versa. The reasons for this are as follows:
1. This is how we learn our mother tongue. We don't learn words first. After we have reached a certain level of listening and speaking ability, we begin to contact words. Of course, congenital deaf-mutes are not included.
2. Early contact with words can lead to text dependence, interfere with subsequent recognition and mastery of phonetics, and lead to dumb English. This is the case in our years of secondary and college English education. Text is based on space, that is, it will not disappear there, so people have a congenital sense of security in dealing with text, emotionally preferring text, while voice is based on the existence of time, fleeting, so when people listen to voice, it is relatively tense, because it is very likely that he can not grasp this fleeting thing.
3. When words and sounds occur at the same time, people are more likely to concentrate on reading words, but not on listening to sounds. This is why we can concentrate on reading and listen to music without losing our mind, but we can not read if we want to enjoy music. It is also why many students learn English from movies, and their listening has not improved much. At last, they practice the speed of reading Chinese subtitles.
所以理想的学习一门外语的路径也应该是听说带动读写。基于这个前提，第一个阶段一定是听的阶段。开始听的时候，会听不懂，要有很多的猜测，所以这个阶段叫听猜阶段。在该阶段适合的练习，就是看图识音，或者看物识音，比如你看到水或水的图片，就听到water，你就明白water表示水这个事物。或者通过动作来识音，英文教学法当中叫做Total Physical Response(TPR)，比如你看一个人站起来，就听到stand up, 看一个人坐下去，听到sit down，就是这个道理。这也是为什么，越好的英文教材，在初级阶段文字很少，图片很多。
Therefore, the ideal way to learn a foreign language should also be listening, speaking, reading and writing. Based on this premise, the first stage must be listening stage. When you begin to listen, you will not understand. There must be a lot of guesses, so this stage is called the listening and guessing stage. At this stage, the appropriate practice is to look at pictures, or things, such as water or water pictures, you hear water, you understand that water means water. Or through action to recognize the voice, English teaching method is called Total Physical Response (TPR), for example, when you see a person standing up, you hear stand up, you see a person sitting down, you hear sit down, that's the truth. This is why, the better the English textbook, in the initial stage, there are few words, many pictures.
The first stage is not required to say, because that stage is mainly to hone the ears, familiar with the voice, in fact, can not say, or at least not say well, this is our silence period, called silence period. That's how we learned our mother tongue when we were young. We listened a lot first, and we probably understood it before we began to babble and babble. So at this stage, those who force you to say a lot and criticize your poor pronunciation are probably laymen. They'll probably hit you, drag your back legs, pull out and hang, but you can't hit yourself. What you need at this stage is emotional encouragement, not excessive demands.
Stage 2: Listening, guessing, speaking and reading
In the second stage, we should continue to listen and guess. In the first stage, we have mastered a little basic language. In this stage, we need to challenge something slightly difficult. At this stage, the listening will be longer and the sentences will be more complex. At this stage, you also have to start speaking practice.
The first stage exercises the sensitivity to sound. You can recognize many differences in pronunciation and begin to imitate them, as we learned our mother tongue when we were young. There are many things to imitate, such as pronunciation, pronunciation, intonation, emotion, pause, stress and so on. Of course, there are also some things that you can't imitate, or that you can't imitate well. It doesn't matter at all. It's a very normal stage that you have to go through. How can you be eloquent in the future without this time? But, please note, at this time, you must imitate standard English, because at this time, what you learn will be like in the future, where our hometown is, you can speak any tone, such as the Northeast dialect, as soon as you hear it, so it's better to imitate the pure foreigners whose mother tongue is English, or English at this time. Speaking of a very authentic Chinese, but there are fewer such Chinese.
Many students listen well to others in the initial stage, and then imitate. When they enter the middle and advanced stage, they find that he is not good enough. It is too late to change. This is why I have taught English for so long, and I dare not challenge to teach pronunciation. I think English is good, but I think it's better for my classmates to imitate the sound of foreigners. In fact, at this stage, what kind of pronunciation is not so important, as long as you hear very pure, you can basically pronounce very pure. Because you want to start from impure, can not send out. However, many students did not have such conditions in the past, and they have formed many wrong pronunciation habits.